"About the future 20, 30, 40 years, in the future. I have had the privilege of interviewing 300 of the world's best scientists. Tool. I am a physicist. We invented the laser, we invented it. Transistor. We made the electronic computer. We did TV radio, microwave MRI. We created the Internet, we wrote the World Wide Web, and when we create something we want our creation to spread to society when we invented the Internet, when physicists made a prediction. He said the Internet will be a 4th mm of high culture, high art and high society. Today we know that five percent of the internet is made up of porn, but that's because teenagers sign up on the internet. Nobody here. Just wait for grandma and grandpa to sign up on the internet and then 50% of the internet will be pornography. Let me say this when I was a little younger than you. I was fascinated by physics. Physics was the right choice for me. When I went to high school, I went to my mother and said: Mom, can I get a building permit for a nuclear power plant in the garage?
An electron-particle accelerator with 2.3 million electron volts. And mom looked at me and said, yes, why not, and don't forget to take out the trash. So I took out the trash and went to Westinghouse and got 400 pounds of transformers, steel, 22 miles of copper wire. And I built an electron accelerator with 2.3 million electron volts. In my garage. The magnetic field was 10,000 cows. When walking past the magnet, it was strong enough to pull the fillings out of the teeth. If you've got too close to my magnets, the time has finally come. I have it in the wall, socket, too bad. Kilowatts with raw electricity. I hear the crackling of all the capacitors and then I heard that pop-pop sound, the whole house was bathed in darkness. I blew every fuse in the house.
My poor mother, you know, she's coming home from A Hard Day's Work. The lights flickered and went out, and then she said, where is the fuse box? And then she said why shouldn't I have a son who plays baseball? Maybe if I buy my basketball? And for Christ's sake why does he have to build these machines in the garage? And hey, why not find a nice Japanese girlfriend? I mean, why does he build these machines in the garage? This machine took me to Harvard and started my career as a physicist. Today I am giving you a tour of the future. However, there is a danger that we physicists can sometimes do too much. Let me tell you a story and then I'll start over 200 years ago. We had the great French Revolution.
And one day three gentlemen wanted to drop their heads on the guillotine. It was a priest, a lawyer, and a theoretical physicist like me with their heads severed. Well, they put the priest's head on the chopping block now, they asked him. Do you have a final few words before we cut off Priestley's head? And the priest said yes. Yes sir. He said. God God from above, he will surely set me free. All eyes were on the knife. You pick up the knife. The blade came down Swish and stopped right in front of it. Hit the priest on the neck. Well, the mafia had never seen this before they were shocked. They said God spoke. Let the priests go and let's go to the lawyer now. Yes, the lawyer. Now the thirst for blood began. Yes, the
lawyers bowed their heads and asked him. Do you have a few last words before we cut Lori? Go away and he said yes. He may have said the spirit of righteousness. Yes, justice and mercy will set me free. Yes, they raise the knife. The blade came down Swish and stopped right in front of it. Hit the neck of the closet. Well this time the crowd went nuts. You said today should be a national holiday. God spoke, Justice-Mercy spoke today, and now we're going to look at this. Theoretical physicist. Well, they put the businessman's head on the chop and asked him. Do you have a few last words before we cut your head off? And he said yes. Yes, I have a few last words and he said, you know, I don't know
much about God and I know even less about the law, but one thing I know. If you look up you can see that the rope is attached to the pulley. And then he said that if you removed the rope the blade would fall very well, big mistake, big mistake. Well, the rope is down, the blade is down, and the poor physicist's head is down. And the moral of the story is that sometimes we physicists need to know when to shut up. Okay but hey let me give you a tour of the future because I had the chance to do an interview. 300 of the world's best researchers. It is these people who invent the future. Let me first say that when you get cable TV you get
Science Channel on Science Channel. As of Dec 1st. I've always said that my book Physics of the Impossible is coming out as a weekly TV series that I'll be showing every week on December 1st. Then it's Sci-Fi Science: Physics of the Impossible. So let's talk about it. First of all, how do we scientists know what will happen in 10 or 20 years? How can we be So confident, but most of all, this is Moore's law of a log chart. You can see that your computer's performance doubles every 18 months. What does that mean? That is, when you receive a birthday card in the mail, open it and it has a chip in it. And the piece sings you Happy Birthday. This ship has more processing power than anything else. The Allies would have killed1945
Hitler Eisenhower Churchillo into get this piece, and what are you doing with it? Should you throw it in the trash? Or are you looking at this diagram? You will see that NASA had almost no computing power in the 1960s. Your cell phone today. A mobile phone has more computing power today. According to this diagram, all of NASA saw when they took two men to the moon. Moon, that is, if the cars followed Moore's Law, the cars would cost ten cents today. You don't even have to enter a quarter in the meter when parking. The meter costs more than the car. So you don't just have to park your car and run away. What does it mean? That means that computer chips will cost around one cent by 2020. That is the price for
waste paper. So we know the future of the computer. The future of the computer will be everywhere. Spring and nowhere hidden in the walls, hidden in the structure of our life. Just like electricity is everywhere and nowhere. And that's the internet. We wrote the World Wide Web, the World Wide Web was written by a physicist to keep track of subatomic particles. And you can see here that the internet equals prosperity where the internet is. It's wealth. It's Commerce Science Finance where there's no internet. It's poverty. One thing we physicists do is create something and then just give it away for free. How will you communicate with the internet in the future? These are glasses with full internet functionality. You can download any website you want. Every movie sends emails about these things, and you want to recognize people's faces too.
How many times have you fucked someone on the street? And you say it yourself Who is this person? Jim John Jay? No, I know this person in the future, your glasses will say it's Jim's stupidity. Remember, you met him last week. Would you like to see his entire bio for you in your glasses? And let's say you're at a cocktail party? They are looking for work and do not know what the heavy blows will be in the future. They know exactly who to fall in love with at a cocktail party. Let's say you don't want to look like a Star Trek refugee. In the future, glasses with full internet capacity will be the trend. They can be flashed directly into the retina of the eye. They can be flashed directly on the screen of your glasses or used as a holder, as a goldsmith's glass. Wear glasses
Carry models with wild things. Young people need a complete knowledge of the Internet. Every video, every film, every website, every music? Downloaded through your glasses. Tool. You can tell yourself. Wait. I am not allowed to wear glasses. No problems in the future. You're in your contact lenses. These are internet contact lenses that we physicists try to present at a final exam. Ha, the lightbulbs are about to start blinking, okay. Remember to take the final exam. You know that in the future professors will have to take the final exam, because in a final exam you cannot just write down what you have learned by heart. Instead of memorizing the names of the crystals or shapes, you have to learn the conceptual principles of the
minerals or whatever. Imagine full internet possibilities in your glasses. Yes, we physicists are currently working on it. For example, imagine you go abroad, you meet someone and they start speaking to you in a foreign language. No problem. In the future. You will see Subtitle Subtitle. Put a foreign language in your contact lens and say you are visiting the ruins of Rome. It's such a big disappointment. You have read about the great Roman Empire. Then you see everything that is left. There is almost nothing left of the empire for which you appointed the Romans. And just think of Julius Caesar and Mark Anthony in the novel For. No problem. Your contact lens reproduces the entire animation. From the heights of the Roman Empire on a walk through the ruins. This is called augmented reality. No virtual reality. I'm a mix of reality
with animation, with subtitles with translations. Let's say your car is driving. on your contact lens. Shows exactly how fast you are moving. How much gas do you have and yes, you can even find landmarks with GPS without leaving the steering wheel of your car. So it happens with Moore's team that computer chips cost a cent of electricity. You will be everywhere and nowhere. When you enter the room today. How are you? Are you looking for the light switch, right? First you look for the light switch, which you zoom in, the walls have electricity, but in future it will be invisible when entering the room. The first thing you should do is check the internet portal, you will see that the room is smart. So this is the cell phone of the future. How to communicate
with others. One screen for every video, one screen for every web page, one screen for every movie ever made. You can access the entire database of the planet earth for almost free and get yourself a Blackberry. You know how small a typewriter will be in the future. So your phone is a whole PC. It even has more power than the current supercomputer. In fact, wall hangings are so cheap that if you put wallpaper on them they'll be smart. Wallpaper will be so smart. And just like your computer today, this is the living room of the future. This is how you communicate with people. Let's say you're on campus and say it's Friday night and you're not working
. We all know what you are doing. You will be drunk in the future. You go to the wall screen and tell the mirror on the wall who is free tonight. The screen then comes in contact with all of the other screens out there. The screen. It was just the kind of person you like, physical characteristics, age, everything, and get infected, who looks in his magic mirror and says mirror on the wall, then you go out and have fun, come back to your apartment and want to watch a movie like that. So you say to the wall screen, mirror, mirror on the wall. We want to see Casablanca, in addition to removing Hphrey Bogart's face and instead removing my face and Ingrid, Bergman's face, and my father's face. Well some
people are a bit scared of it but know that when the internet was first created by us physicists, the internet was male, it was hierarchical. It was supposed to dominate the Soviet Union. Why did the Pentagon give us? Millions of Dollars to Make the Internet? It wasn't like emailing your friends. That is not why we physicists created the Internet. It was created to wage a nuclear war with Russia so we could communicate with New York and rebuild America. The city lies in the ruins of Los Angeles, Chicago, or has evaporated. This is how we want to build America today after World War III. The internet is female 51 percent of internet users are women and use it to touch people. It's all about this. Technology looks scary if you don't know about it, but then you realize that the whole purpose of technology is to be
feminine, the touch that people make with people. So the internet has gone from being a war machine to one that allows you to communicate with all of your friends of this dog. For example, on the left is a Cyberdog. It doesn't really exist. Baby-sitter. Your kids are running. Barking that the dog will do anything but pee on your blanket. Let's say it's autumn Thanksgiving with your only sons and Australia and others in Russia. Now ends at the South Pole. No problem. They all gather around your wall screens. You put your contacts on and see everyone around the dining table as you cut the turkey into cyberspace. We also put chips where chips are put in toys. Now the toys are starting to get smart. This is a problem for the English language. A contradiction, so-called smart Barbie dolls.
Another contradiction is Microsoft Works. It is also a contradiction in terms. Again, any technology looks scary at first sight, and then you realize, hey, the whole point of this technology is to touch someone, reach out and touch people. This is the office of the future. Today. Of course, your office is built around the PC, but why should the PC of the future go away? The future of the computer must go away. The electricity has disappeared, we no longer see the sight, the electrical intelligence will also disappear in our lives. These are junk computers. This is the office of the future. You write on a piece of paper that has full word processing, that ability, that pain, that ability, and then you throw it away. And when you move from room to room and move with you
, files are more important than your computer. After all, the computer only cost a few cents. If you go shopping today, you even have a barcode. Every time you buy something. In the future instead of barcodes. I love a chip. The chip costs less than the barcode of the future. And this is how you get from the office to the car, home, from home to the office. The software follows you seamlessly. Wherever you go this is the cabin of the future. This is how you work. And as I said, if you don't like being wrapped up, you just talked to the wallpaper. The background is fully intelligent with screen. What do you have, it's the car of the future. I was allowed to drive this car. This car does not have a driver. It's a driverless car.
These maps have now traveled hundreds of miles in the Mojave Desert without a driver. GPS is the secret to driving this car. And they put me in the driver's seat on the Discovery Channel. I started driving the car and then that's how I drove, I'll try to drive this next time. That means traffic. Accidents can disappear from the English-speaking traffic jams, traffic accidents can disappear because the cars literally drive by themselves. And let's talk about health Health is upside down. First of all, when you go to the doctor, your doctor is in your toilet. You go to the doctor three times a day. Your doctor will analyze your body fluids and tell you that you are eating too much, too much animal fat. Salting so much sugar in your diet
is not the future, delicious. Your toilet will also tell you that you are eating unhealthily. Well, ladies and gentlemen, this could be the cure for cancer. Because if you feel something in your chest today, it is too late. It really is too late. You are growing 10 billion cancer cells. Your breast surgery will be needed almost immediately in the future. When you go to the bathroom, the toilet analyzes proteins. Oh, cancer-stricken teenagers, colonies of maybe 100 cancer cells, not 10 billion, but 100 and tell yourself, by the way, you will get breast cancer in ten years, watch out but don't hurry and there will be pieces scattered around your bathroom as well DNA analyzed. How do we know? Because my friends
build these chips. They are called DNA tags. You can use it to scan. DNA in minutes. Even if you went to the bathroom to comb your hair, your hair would have you. Your bathroom will give you a full medical exam. And we now know that DNA is a band of data instead of zeros and ones, zeros and ones, zeros and ones. We have a tcga-TCG and can read data tapes just as we read DNA. How do we want to do that? Every time you blow a glass, blow a glass, leave DNA there, it becomes a monster. The DNA and the scan for all of your jeans. I've scanned my genome. Most of my genes were scanned, put on a CD-ROM, which I then showed to the camera
. Today it will cost fifty thousand dollars in a few years. It will be reduced to a thousand dollars and maybe in 10 years. It can be a hundred dollars. This is your user guide in your home. You have an instruction manual for video player, iPod, computer, television, you have an instruction manual for everything but your body. This will be your owner. Manuel, when they scanned my DNA, they even told me where my ancestors came from 20,000 years ago. So I've known my family for 20,000 years. So what will it be like to go to the doctor's office? We don't just scan your DNA. When we find that something is wrong with one organ, we replace it and cultivate another organ. This is a headphone
. It consists of a plastic sponge that will dissolve over time. We are taking some cells out of your ears, we saw them in this ear and it is making it grow. As it grows and leaves a perfect ear, the plastic will dissolve over time as it is biodegradable. Today, bones in the left ear are on the right side. We can grow bones, cartilage from blood. We can have noses, ears, blood vessels, heart valves. The first bubble grew three years ago. The first trachea only grew a few months ago, and in five years we may be growing the first liver. So for you alcoholics and the general public, there is hope when you have the strength for another five years. You may have your own liver.
So let's have the first DVD if we go to the future hospital now. Imagine if we could grow organs by sowing them with cells. For example, how about if the operation were performed in three dimensions? So let's take the first video from the Discovery Channel, a program I hosted called 28:57 20 in 50 years. When computing power doubles every 18 months, it means that all aspects of our lives are being turned upside down as we gradually realize that computing power can enrich our lives. This is the first bubble in the world, a Han bubble. It was grown from a young girl's own cells and implanted in this young woman who developed the Wake Forest University three years ago that we recorded. Changed history
and and within and within five years. We hope for the first pancreas, the first liver, maybe even the first kidney. It is the border organs that now need to be grown in the laboratory. The first trachea was only added three months ago. And in mice, we actually raised the whole heart, and the whole mouse heart wasn't born until last year. And how is that possible? Since we can sequence genes thanks to computer power, we can network doctors. It has accelerated medical progress. And now, let me say a few things about artificial ones. One day intelligence will come, do we want robots? The robots presented in science fiction. There is as much ammo out there as Mo is the most advanced robot in the world because ammunition can go as much as ammunition. Go up the stairs when it is most compact.
Ammunition can dance even better than me. I had a chance to meet as ammunition. And the question is, how smart is our most advanced robot and can these robots even have emotions so that we can connect to them. Let us. Now the second video where we are going to Tokyo. We are now going to Tokyo and meet the most advanced robot in the world. And the question is, one day it will happen. Are you getting smarter than us? One day they put us in zoos and made us dance behind bars. Well, let's see. Robot. The question is, how intelligent are our robots? One day they'll be smarter than us and stick to zoos. First, the governor of California is in a very bad mood.
So one day we're going to face crazy governors. Let's think of it as ammunition. You have seen Asimo, the most advanced robot in the world. How Smart is Asthma? Well let me tell you - it's a mole. Smart as a cockroach. A retarded cockroach a stupid lobotomized retarded cockroach. Since it takes a mode about 6 hours to go around the room pre-programming every movement, it took three hours to program this robot's every movement for that scene you saw. Why are we exhibited? Why does Japan spend so much time with these robots? Let me tell you a secret, the Japanese are the fastest aging people in the world. You have few young people. You have a lot of old people, these future robot nurses. That's why Japan spends so much
money building robots. This is the future of nursing, not the future of Han intelligence. Over the next few decades, however, robots will get smarter, maybe one day they'll become as smart as a mouse, as smart as a dog or a cat. And then, decades later, maybe a clever monkey. At this point. I think we should put a piece in their brains. Turn it off to make it harder for them. And thoughts of murder, but it's not a moment. It's decades in the future. We want many warnings, many warnings. And facts about the Science Channel Special, which I'll be hosting on December 1st. We have visited all of the leading artificial intelligence laboratories and you can see how primitive robots really are. Well, let's just say a few more things that we will discuss in Science Channel Teacher Invisibility, believe it or not. We physicists believe in invisibility.
Possible. We flew to Duke University and filmed the world's first microwave invisibility unit. It's going to make an object invisible to microwaves, and we went to Berkeley, where now they can actually make it visible to light. Now it's a problem. If you are wearing an invisibility cloak, you cannot look. It's just an easy journey. So when you are in Invisibility Cloak, you need to straighten your eyes so you can see. Then you can see a floating eyeball from the outside. Or hear a floating head. So remember, metamaterial allows us to bend microwave radiation around an object, just like water flows around the boulder. If you've been downstream from a boulder, you don't know that there isthat
an upstream boulder at Berkeley and Caltechworks for microwaves and works on a microscopic scale. They showed that it also works for visible light. So that means that in the next few years, in the next few decades, we'll be able to achieve total invisibility like you see in the movies, but we haven't yet managed to do that. Teleportation too, wouldn't it be great just to zap through space? Just like they do in Star Trek. Well, it's called quantum teleportation and for the TV series Science Channel. We drove to Maryland to the University of Maryland, where we actually take pictures with it. The television camera actually photographed an atom being dragged across space. A television screen lit up. Each time an atom was teleported from one room to another. This, of course,
creates problems because if you are Captain Kirk you must die. You'll need to disband while you make a copy of Captain Kirk there. So who is this cheater? The cheater there? Looks like Captain Kirk. He's selling Priceline like Captain Kirk, okay. Who is that person there? You saw him die and there he sells the price line. You really wonder who we are. We only inform that information can be intercepted from one place to another and believe it or not. Telepathy comes faster than you think. We have that again for Science Channel, 12 special episodes, 30 minute break, starting December 1st. That's how it works. That's Brown University down there that's a victim, right? He is paralyzed. He can't move. He cannot communicate
with loved ones. He is paraplegic, one of the victims in the upper left is a chip. They placed the piece in the lower left of his brain. You can see this point where the piece is. You connect. That chip on a laptop belongs to that person who is now completely paralyzed. Can now read emails. Surf the Internet, answer emails, solve crossword puzzles and puzzles. Do everything you can on a computer except the person is randomly paralyzed. That means in the future. Maybe you just want to interact with the web by just thinking about it. We can also use this technology. In addition. This is how it works. In addition. He can see the laptop. You can see the connection on the right. An electric connected to a laptop represents the world's first direct connection between the Han spirit and a computer. And even in Japan
, they carefully mapped images of the brain on an MRI scan and recognized them by a computer. We can see the contours. Use your eyeballs to reach the decoded outline of an object you are looking at. That is, if you are sleeping and dreaming, maybe we can take pictures of some of your dreams. This has already been done at Kyoto University, with dreams, but with one, not with the person looking at an object, a computer deciphering the images on an MRI scan, we can now see that the first thing we do is do with a horseshoe . You can actually see the horseshoe, the person who sees the horseshoe from the person looking at it through an MRI scan, but the article says the next target is dreams, maybe one day we will be able to see yours To capture dreams. So it seems like you
should do the thing yourself. Out of your head But in the future it may be invisible. It can be painless, invisible, and you can browse the internet all by yourself. We should also point this out. We should also point out that we can actually use this for a polygraph test. When you lie, your scanned brain lights up like a Christmas tree because you need to know the truth first. Second, you need to create the lie. Third. You have to create the lie and the ceiling. You need to analyze the consistency of the coverage. All the other lies you've told over the years. There's a ton of brain power, and you can actually see it on an MRI scan. Let me now say a few things about the future so far. I was just talking about the near future. We are talking about 10, 20, 50 years in the
future. We are now looking further. We wanted to go to NASA and visit the scientists who dream of building a spaceship one day. Of course, it goes way beyond the old. We can do that with today's technology. In reality, however, we interviewed researchers who believe it might be possible to bend the fabric. Based on time so that we can jump enormous distances, maybe with Einstein's theory. This is a black hole Black holes are no longer science fiction. We photographed the black hole accumulation disk. This black hole is at the center of a huge galaxy NGC 4258 that pierces this point. You can see a diameter of about a light year in the middle. Inside the point there is a fiery black hole. If you want to see a black hole tonight, get out there and look in the direction of Sagittarius. It is the center of the Milky Way. Galaxy.
There is a black hole in the center of our galaxy. The children also pose as a question. If the moon orbits the earth, the earth orbits the sun, then orbits the sun? Now we know the answer to that. The sun surrounds a black hole in the constellation Sagittarius in the middle of the Milky Way. Galaxy. Well, if you look at this black hole, it's pretty disappointing. Then clouds thin the galactic nuclei. If you could somehow remove the clouds of dust, you would see a ball of fire every night, a ball of fire that can rival the moon in the moonlight with an angry black hole in the middle. Leather prevents our clouds of dust from seeing this giant ball of fire that should have been lit the right way. The night sky. And if you have wormholes, maybe someday you can even
bend the fabric of time. That, of course, leads us to science fiction. But actually we have a theory of time travel. Now that may be yours alone. Now delete, I've seen these time travel films. I know be passionate. When you go back in time and meet your teenage mom before you were born and your teenage mom falls in love with you. Well, you took a deep dive into doodoo when your mom just fell in love with her teenagers. With you before you were born. Now. If you think you're this smart, let me tell you mother of all time, travel stories and see if you can find out. Let's see if you're smart enough. This one out. We write 1945, a stranger comes out of the dark and carries a little girl whom he leaves behind in an orphanage. The nuns find this baby. You don't know where the baby came from
. So the nuns call her Jane and Jane is growing up an orphan wondering who my mother is? Who is my father Jane is now 17 years old. She is a beautiful young woman. And then she has her first boyfriend. A drifter shows up in their life, but it shouldn't be. They quarrel, they quarrel with their boyfriend and it's a very sad story at first. Finds out she is pregnant. Her friend left her. She is abandoned and pregnant. She is hospitalized nine months later. She gives birth to a beautiful baby, but tonight someone opens the window of the hijacked hospital. Jane's baby and walks into the dark. Well it's worse. Jane was bleeding. Very fast. She will die. Doctors will need to perform emergency test surgery. You have to turn Jane into a gym.
Well, Jim wakes up the next day with a huge headache and he brought the bad news first. Her boyfriend left her pregnant. Somebody stole your child. And now. She's not even Jane anymore. She is jim Jim grows up and gets a full ballroom every time. Somebody say who are you Jim Where did you come from What was your mother, your father? Well, finally one day the gym is bricked at the bottom of a bar again after a bar fight, but the bartender. To him and tell Jim, Jim is waking up. See, I'm not really a bartender. I'm a time traveler and I got on my machine and let's find out. Who is this Jim / Jane? So you go way back in time. So poor Jim. Han vet inte riktigt var han är tidigare. Men suddenly träffar han den här vackra 17-
åriga tjejen, och det är kärlek vid första ögonkastet, men du vet, det var inte meningen att de skulle bråka. Also for Jim reda på att hans flickvän är gravid. Och så saw hon Jim till sig själv. Herregud, historien upprepar sig. Get your hands on it. Well, I want to make sure the, my baby gets the best education possible that night. Nine months later. Jim goes to the hospital, breaks open the window kidnaps. His own precious baby, girl, and then Jim and his baby girl. Go back into the time machine, again, back way back into the past, until it is 1945. It is a dark and stormy night. Jim comes in from the darkness, carrying his precious baby, girl that drops off at an orphanage. Well, the nuns don't know what to do with this baby girl. They find the next day. So,
the nuns called her Jane. And Jane grows up, wondering, who is my mother? Who is my father. I was left as a foundling on the doorstep of this orphanage. Well, Jim finally gets it together. Jim says, I want to be a drunk, all my life. I'm gonna join the time traveler score so Jim has Many heroic exploits in annals of time. Now. Jim is an old man. He says to himself. I've had a good life, but I want one final mission from my last mission in time. I'm going go backwards in time, put on a wig to impersonate a bartender, to meet a certain bar room, drunk who just got into a fistfight because someone said, who are you Jim? Who is your mother? Your father now for 10 points, who can tell me? Who is Jim's mother? Father, son daughter granddaughter
grandfather greatgreat grandpa in the back. Yeah, Jane is a family tree and to herself. Can you imagine a family get together? And they get into a food fight? And someone says you did this to me. No, you did that to yourself. Okay. Well we visits us. Denk darüber nach. This is a wormhole. This is what I do professionally. I work in something called string theory on the cofounder of string field Theory and we think that perhaps the fabric of space and time can be bent In which case perhaps you may just may be able to go backwards in time. However, the energy necessary for this is the energy of a black hole. So this is not for us anytime soon. However, 150 years ago. There was a gentleman in England, a mathematician at Oxford University who wrote the first book on wormholes.
Who was this, professor of mathematics at Oxford University. Does anyone know the name? Of this Oxford University Professor, his name was professor Charles dodgson. He could not write under his real name because he was an Oxford Professor. So what he needed create a pseudonym Lewis Carroll. This is the world's first representation of a wormhole in the English language written by a distinguished, professor of mathematics at Oxford University who wrote Under a pen name. Lewis Carroll. In fact, Queen Victoria was so enchanted. Wiedersehen. Alice in Wonderland that Shiro Professor dodgson letter Queen Victoria said, please please please give me your next book which he did. It was Treatise on higher mathematics that he said to Queen Victoria. Okay. So now let's say a few things. Some people say that. Well,
if this is for the future, let's talk about the future far future. When we physicists looking out of space, we don't look for Little Green Men when we look at a space. We look for type type, one type 2 and type 3 civilizations, a civilization has the power of an entire planet. They are a planetary civilization. They harnessed the, whether they can play with son, disarms, they play with hurricanes and volcanoes. That's type one. Type two is Stellar, they conse the power of a star like the Federation of planets on Star Trek. Track would be a very typical type two civilization type three controls the power of an entire galaxy, like, the Empire of Empire Strikes Back. Once they have William Shatner on startrek.com. And he was answering all the questions of the trekkies. The Chucky's would ask, William Shatner questions. Like, what is
the fourth dimension? What is antimatter? What is a black hole? And William Shatner was getting more and more frustrated. The people at startrek.com said, finally, Got so frustrated, he pounded on the desk and he said, damn it. Verdammt. I'm an actor. I'm an actor. I know nothing about Star Trek. I mean about the fourth dimension. Antimatter get a physicist ask about Priceline anything. So they had me on later and I had to answer all the questions of Trekkie. Well Star Trek is a type two civilization. They can barely harness the power of a star. This is type. One. A type one civilization is planetary and about Years, 100 years. We will be a type one. Civilization. What do we today? We are
type zero. We don't even rate on this scale. We get our energy from dead plants, oil, and coal. This is Type 2. Type 2 is Stellar. They control the power of a star. They are Immortal. Nothing known to science. Can destroy a type, two civilization, even if their mothers star goes supernova. They can simply leave or just move the planet. And this is type three where they can actually play with black holes. I once gave this talk in London at the planetari there, and a little boy, comes up to me about oh, age, 10 real pest. He comes up to me, and he yangsun my pants, and he says, professor professor, you're wrong. This type for, then I look I look down on this
little tenyearold boy, and I said to him. Shut up kid. Why don't you go play in traffic? There's a nice intersection over there. And you wouldn't go away. He goes Yankee on my pants and it's at first her you're wrong. There's Type 4 and I said look kid. There are planets stars and galaxies. Das ist es. So any advanced civilization would have to be planetary Stellar or a galactic and he insisted you're wrong. There's the Or of the Continu. Now, any Star Trek fans out there what civilization harnesses the power of the Continu, the queue, very good. Now, if you did not understand what just transpired, get with the program. Yeah, but the program, okay. It's on
every Tuesday night get with the program for God's sake. Okay. So, one day, will we be able to harness this fantastic power? The power of the 11th Dimension? This is my domain. this is what I work on, I work on string theory. We're going to begin to test the string theory starting next month. Watch for it end of November beginning December. They're going crank up the biggest machine of science ever created. The Large Hadron Collider and we're gonna be able to test the periphery of this Theory. Starting next month, outside, Geneva, Switzerland, take years, of course to analyze the data. However, let me also say that when we look at the Earth from outer space. We see that the Earth sits in this gigantic bubble. You see our Earth. Also, radiates. We radiate radio and television for 50 years surrounding the earth. There is a sphere 50 lightyears
and radius expanding at the speed of Television, containing our finest cultural archives, the noblest achievements of the han creative Spirit, like I Love Lucy. Leave it to Beaver and now joined by The Immortal Classics Beavis. This and Butthead part 2 and Db and Dber part 2 and any Star within 50, lightyears of the earth will pick up our cultural emissions and they'll be convinced. There is no intelligent life on the Earth. So anyway, let me know, I'll wind up a few years ago. I spoke at the Einstein Centennial, a great honor, but my favorite Einstein joke is as follows. When Einstein was an old man. He was tired of giving the same talk over and over again. So when they, his chauffeur came up to him and he said Professor, I'm
a chauffeur, but I'm actually a parttime actor. I've memorized your talk. I've heard it so often, I've memorized it. So why don't we switch places? I will on a mustache and a wig and I'll be the great Einstein and you could be My Chauffeur and take a break. Well, Einstein loved the joke. So they switched places. So, the chauffeur give these talks all over the world face, fantastic talks with all the theatrical flourishes. Well, one day, a mathematician in the back, ask a very difficult question, and that is nine thought the game is up, but then the chauffeur said that question is so Elementary that even My Chauffeur here, can answer it for you. Okay. Thanks very much. Thanks very much.
Thanks very much. Really wonderful Doc Ock will take two or three questions because time is short. So you have a question. Let me say two things. I have a whole chapter in my book Visions about the aging process. First of all, if you go to a drugstore, you see all this advertisement antiaging this take ten years off, your face, ten years that how can the FDA allow all these fraudulent claims to being made. So I actually interviewed an FDA official. He said the Food and
Drug Administration can only monitor things. That penetrate the skin medicines, that penetrate the skin. Anything that does not penetrate the skin. They cannot monitor, but then if it doesn't the skin. Es funktioniert nicht. So, in other words, you can only lie through your teeth as long as it doesn't work. And we'll be dead again, according to federal law. You can make any statement. You want about take life. Take 10 years off your face, whatever anything you want. As long as it doesn't penetrate, the skin as long as it doesn't work. Now. Let me tell you the science. We went to MIT and we interviewed the discoverer of a rather important Gene that's creating a Lines, Oprah Winfrey devoted a show to it, 60 Minutes devoted to a show. To it is called Sir to. It is a jean and A protein that seems to mimic caloric restriction. Now,
there is one and only one way of multiplying. The lifespan of an organism all the way from yeast cells. Spiders insects mice, rabbits dogs, cats monkeys were analyzed and the results came out front page of the New York Times. Two months ago, if you starve yourself and take conse 30% less calories, you live 30% longer. Now how many of us want to starve ourselves but the genetic mechanism of that is gradually being worked out. It turns out that the han body or any organism, has two choices. One is, if you undergo famine, you have to hunker down, eat less, lower metabolism. And just write out the famine. The other one is consed. All You want and have children? So, a body has two choices animals. Mostly suffer famine, famine is a normal state of most animals. So
animals, do this all the time. They hunker down, eat less reduce metabolism and write out the period of famine until they can gorge themselves and have children. Well, you found the gene sir to which actually mimics that behavior without having to starve yourself. Now, is it the Fountain of Youth? I interviewed the guy who discovered it and he said, no, Don't believe the hype. However, he said, once we do find the Fountain of Youth, it may be part of it. So the point I'm raising is we're now working out the genetics of the aging process. Did you know, for example, that some animals don't die crocodiles, alligators, flounders. They just keep getting larger. They don't die at all. They're just as vigorous at 70 as they are at five. So how come your textbook says that the crocodiles die? At age, 70, that's because the Zookeeper died at age,
70. Okay, crocodile just keep on going. They have no known. Finite lifespan. These simply get bigger. So in the animal kingdom, you know, it's not necessary to die or age. They just keep getting bigger. That's why you don't see gigantic crocodiles is because they die of starvation, accidents or disease, but they have no finite lifespan. So it's not necessary to die there just as vigorous with no waging. So, the short thing of it is a It's still a long ways to go. However, be we scientists are now seriously. Looking at the possibility of retarding, the aging process. We do not, I repeat not have the Fountain of Youth. However, as one scientist said, I regret the fact that my generation may be the last generation to die. Well, I think that's an exaggeration. I think people will be dying for quite a while into the future. But it does mean that real real progress is being made in the aging process, which
is something I could not have said a few years ago. Go about you. Well, we want to go beyond Einstein because Einstein's theory breaks down at the center of a black hole and at the instant of creation Einstein's. Theory makes no sense whatsoever. We need a higher Theory, the only higher Theory which completely includes the quant theory and Einstein's. Theory is string theory. It is the only game in town. Some people say, well, if I don't like string theory, give me an alternative and the answer is there is none. It is all the only game in town. You either work on string theory or you we just work in the wilderness. So next month, we're going to begin to crank up the Large, Hadron Collider. Now. The Large Hadron Collider will not eat up the Earth as some people claim
because everyday cosmic rays. Cosmic rays from Mother Nature Reigns, radiation on the earth, more powerful than anything we can create with this. Pea shooter called the Large Hadron Collider. So we're going to begin to test the periphery of the theory. The theory itself is too difficult to test directly, but we hope to find indirect proofs by looking for what it calls. Sparticles sparticles are super particles a new class of particles that we hope to create with the Large Collider. And again, don't take a few years to analyze the data, but the machine will be cranked up next month. By the way, I just spoke in Texas last month and the people in Texas know that they had the super collider to be built outside Dallas, Texas. The super collider was to be three times bigger, then the Switzerland machine. So, how come it's not based in the United States.
How can we have this brain drain to Switzerland? Well, it's because in 1993, there were cost overruns on the super collider. And the last day of hearings, a congressman, as the physicists in the Last day of hearings quote. Will we find god with your machine on the last day of hearings everything hinged on this one answer? So the poor professor of physics said we will find the Higgs boson. At that point, you could hear all the Jaws Hit the Floor of Congress, 11 billion dollars for another goddamn subatomic particle. The vote was taken the next day and our machine was cancelled and that's why we had this brain drain to Switzerland. Right now. Since then, we physicists have been replaying that question over and over and over again. In our minds. How should we
have answered that question? Well, I would have said this. I would have said, God by whatever signs or symbols, you ascribe to the deity. This machine will take us as hanly possible to his or her greatest creation Genesis. This is a Genesis machine. It will recreate on a tiny scale. The most moment of momentous event in the history of our universe its birth. Instead. We said Higgs boson and our machine was canceled. I just hope the next time we get asked that question. We think about the answer a little bit more. Okay, one, last question. Question about like there.
Okay, first of all, when people ask about 1984, I had a chance to go back to 1984 rereading it. Again, when I was writing my book visions and I realized something the internet could have been a device. Like what happened in 1984 at devices monitors. Everything knows everything. However, an event happened and that is the Soviet Union broke up. The internet was a war fighting machine secret. For the most part / military scientists used by physicists like myself, but after the breakup of the Soviet Union, the National Science Foundation did something rather momentous, they gave it away for free for free. They gave it away today. It is impossible to recreate 1984 Because the Internet is everywhere.
If the president of the United States were to try to ban the internet. at the, be laughter. People would just laugh at him. It's Unstoppable. So, I think 1984 is not possible. However, there was another book written around that time and that other book was called Brave New World by Aldous Huxley. That's a book that we really do have to worry about because in that book that book was set six hundred years in the future. In that book. They have cloning in that book. They have drugs everywhere. And that book, they have the stratification. Creation of the han species in that book. Well, we have about 80% of that book today. Forget six hundred years in the future. Welcome to the Brave New World. So we do have to worry about some of the ethical questions raised in Brave New World. But as far as
the problem of computers, the problem is not big brother. The problem is little brother, every nosy. Busybody can get on the internet and finds all sorts of information on you. The future. If someone wants to find out about who you are, the go to your barber shop and get some of your hair follicles and sequence, your entire genome. This means that the national Inquirer instead of getting photographs of Brad, Pitt will have his entire genome read by getting some of his, you know, his hair. And it's going to create a huge problem of genetic privacy today. If you have a Matchmaker, one of the principal purposes of matchmaker is to look for hidden. Hidden diseases inside your family tree. Well, in the future, all a Matchmaker has to do is go to your barber shop and can find all sorts of genetic diseases inside your
family tree. So genetic privacy is going to be a problem because DNA sequencing is so Advanced and it only costs a few hundred bucks to analyze every single Gene in your body."