Modern Japan is one of the most mono-ethnic countries in the world and it is easy to believe that it has always been so. However, the land of the rising sun has always been home to many more unique. The people among them are the ones I knew of the long-bearded, free-spirited bear hunters on the island of Hokkaido. We will put these forgotten Aborigines of Japan in the spotlight and give an introduction to their mysterious culture. They tell the story of their ultimately doomed struggle against Japanese expansion. What I knew lived on bear liver and dried fish, but if that's not your thing. An ancient people whose ancestors inhabited Hokkaido. The Kuril Islands and Kamchatka for thousands of years. They call their traditional territory. I knew Ohr what a peaceful country means, where those I knew live. While the word I knew myself, it simply means their human language. Unfortunately, an isolated tongue is now terminally ill. With no known connections to any of the great language families due to their seemingly primitive. Chairman and not East Asian in appearance, the Japanese often dismissed them as hairy barbarians and considered them little more than savages for most of history. What I knew was beyond the authority of the Empire. It was only in the past three centuries that the Tokugawa-Add-Meiji regime subjugated them. Although. It is not without years of fierce resistance from the natives that the origins of those I knew are hidden. I'm sorry. But their legends claim that they were in northern Japan a hundred thousand years before the Children of the Sun came. The whole story is a little more complex. The first humans came to the Japanese archipelago about 40,000 years ago over large ice age land bridges during the last ice age. Those were the four bears of Japan. Native, the lord who lived mainly as a hunter-gatherer with stone tools. Around 5000 BC BC they had developed a complex material culture, most famous for their icons. Around 1000 BC New immigrants came to southern Japan from the Korean peninsula. And the Yangtze River Delta was the Yayoi, who were the most important ancestors of the modern Japanese people, and they introduced many innovations, including agriculture based on wet rice cultivation, as well as bronze. To iron tools over the next few centuries, Yayoi tribes gradually displaced or assimilated. The Jomon founded various small rice kingdoms from southern Kyushu to central Honshu. Each ruled by a different clan by 300 AD. The Yamato clan had emerged as the most powerful, uniting them under their banner and forming the earliest version of the Japanese empire. Meanwhile, in the north German successes, I am known as the epigenome to continue to thrive around the fifth century. A Siberian people known as Octo. Barrels reached these late German areas via the island of Sakhalin. These two trainers would be the main building blocks of the emergence. I knew that a recognizable unique culture emerged as a result of the merging of the epigenome and the North Sea people. I knew where a people divided according to tribal lines and therefore had regional differences, which made it difficult to explain cultural shifts there. Centuries of existence similar to their German ancestors. Those I knew lived a hunter-gatherer life. In spring they hunt brown bears that have come out of hibernation. While Sika deer. Rabbit raccoon dogs and foxes were followed year-round. I made new innovations. Excellent. They coated their arrows and spears with aconite poison, created sound decoys called Apache knees, which imitated and set up the scream of a goat. Ingenious bow traps that fire themselves when an animal is triggered, a trip wire, perhaps the most important and spiritual aspect of it. I knew the livelihood was salmon hunting, which was in abundance at Autumn Court. Salmon was then dried to last year round. I knew that clothing was made from wild springs provided by the forest and rivers. The typical robe I knew was a long rope called attis that was woven from bark. The fiber of a rare elm species created by an artist required skill, the way tree bark was processed into a fabric, it took months for shoes made from deerskin and dried salmon. Skin was also common, and men were often seen wearing a headdress woven from grapevine. Ceremonial clothing for parties and weddings was presented, Technicolor made geometric designs that fulfilled the ritual function of protecting their wearer from hostile spirits. Personal hygiene and physical changes played an important role. Malthe tattoos were common among women as coming-of-age, right? And were applied by cutting the area around the lips with a knife. Then, boiling Ash Under the Skin inject men who had long beards, which they stopped shaving after a certain age. What I knew lived mainly in small villages on the banks of rivers and had no equivalent to the big cities of Japan. Their modest houses were well adapted to the rugged landscape of the north and consisted of a framework of wooden pillars. And crossbeams, the walls and roof of which are filled with thick bundles of fat made of cogon grass. Inside, Doug was a sunken stove. Where a fire was lit to keep the well-insulated building warm and I knew the home was a highly ritualized space with a dedicated space for each family member or guest around the fireplace. Those I knew were animists who saw that nature was inhabited by myriad divine beings, known as kamui, who can appear in anything. The trees, the rivers, the animals even in human tools. That I knew them was anchored in various living gods. For example, the fire pit was the home of Epic, Kamui the Be. Fire spirit and had to purify. Even the toilet had a ghost named Rocco Camry. A noble being who was always the first to help the household in dangerous situations. The main spirit was Kim and Kim just the god of mountains and bears. Who, I knew, honored him with a ritual called du Monty, in which a bear cub was captured from the wild. Then, as a guest of honor, spoiled with some legends for two years, even claiming to be fed with breast milk from me. Mothers, when the two years had passed, the bear was ritually slaughtered by arrows that enabled its spirit to return to heaven, where it imparted the honor to the Great Bear Spirit. From people I knew, they lived in a symbiotic relationship with their gods. In their eyes, humans cared for the spirits by living in harmony with nature, and the spirits, in turn, protected humans when the Camry failed to prevent disciples, who were often scolded, from reading the story of the Ainu. People is a saga that is primarily defined by its relationship with the Japanese. Our story begins in the 8th century in northern Honshu, where the embassy tribes lived with their looks, they were probably related to those I knew and liked. We are a collection of indigenous tribes who lived outside the authority of the Yamato emperor. The Nara and early Haein period emperors had long plans to conquer them, and from 709 the Japanese began building fortresses in a muddy area in response to building the proud independents. And I started raiding Yamato's lands, and this escalated to all-out war in 773 over the next 30 years. The Japanese sent at least 10 armies to northern Honshu, but none were able to subdue their long-bearded men. Enemies The Amici were master horses, archers who could easily dance circles around the Yamato forces, which consisted mostly of heavy infantry. However, despite many early successes, the Amici were still divided tribes fighting against a centralized empire. This was a weakness that the Japanese exploited in 794 when they convinced the powerful sewer clan to overflow on their side to break the initial resistance. And allowed the Yamato to subdue them bit by bit for the next few centuries to 811. Many mm ishi fled north to Hokkaido, where they contributed to the formation of the emerging Ainu culture, while others were assimilated into the Yamato empire. Although. Not without making a strong impression on Japanese society, the early Heian introduced cessation and war tactics. Military is considered to be the beginning of the development of Samurai Warfare. And the first proto-samurai were likely Mishi horse archers in the service of the Yamato Emperor. This has led to the popular saying that the Japanese spirit was built on the spirit of Emma. After conquering all of Honshu, the Japanese initially showed little interest in expanding into Hokkaido, which would take care of the invasion of some 40 islands on the edge of the world inhabited by hairy savages. They called these vans mean. As barbarian islands and for the time being they are leaving the Kamakura shogunate. The first government, mainly controlled by the samurai, was also the first Japanese regime to show great interest in the island and use it as a penal colony for political exiles. The Kamakura also appointed the samurai clan and oh who probably had themselves. I knew anti-pulpy ancestors to start trading with various tribes. Mainly left to their own devices by the Japanese. Those I knew decided to do a little expansion on Sakhalin Island themselves; their ancestors had occupied the southern half of the corridor since the 11th century. But from the early 1200s they began to penetrate its northern half, which was the home area of the NIV. People forced to submit to the Yuan Dynasty in 1263, around the same time that the samurai of Japan clashed with the great invading fleet of Kublai, Khan, on the banks of Tsushima and Kyushu. Those I knew went to war in the forests of Siberia with the same empire for over four decades, the Mongols fought along with their Chinese Jures and NIV Cal eyes to reassure the sons of the Germans, even though they were outnumbered . Those I knew had a stubborn struggle, but eventually they realized their struggle was futile and surrendered. A thousand, 1308. know The Sakhalin I became tributaries of the great Khan with Sakhalin under your rule. What I know of Hokkaido could no longer migrate to the north forests as they had done for centuries. And this drove their economic interests in the opposite direction, which resulted in many tribes increasing trade with the Yamato in their south over the centuries. I slowly knew that more and more depending on the metals where weapons were loose balls and rice. They, conversely, imported from Japanese traders, Northern samurai clans like that and, oh, grew rich in the hawk feathers, their livers. And dried fish that they imported that I knew made them put up. A series of fortified trading posts on top of her, Kaido's southernmost tail, marked the first time Marcia was settled directly by Yamato people, who were also dependent on Japanese goods. Since they were outsiders, Has Park made sure that armed conflicts between samurai clans and indigenous tribes would flare up between 1456 and 1536 in their front yard. The Japanese could not be expelled from southern Hokkaido at least nine times, but they could at least avoid being exploited by them as a valiant resistance to the Yamato-dominated samurai power in order to trade with them on an equal footing. However, this should not last around the turn of the 17th century. Japan had emerged from nearly 150 years of brutal civil war waged by the Firebrand daimyo around 1600. Yes. Sue had brought the last of the Empire with her. To cure feuds of samurai lords, thereby forming a shogunate. That would rule a united Japan for the next 250 years. In 1606 the Ooka were back and ordered the construction of a castle on the southern tip of Hokkaido. The queefing it up on the immense astonished samurai clan charged with defending Japan. Northern Frontier against the stubborn barbarians who lived in the afterlife for this purpose, the Madsen. A were granted exclusive rights over as. Oh, Handel 1644, this development had bad news for them, I knew a lot about their trade. The influence on the Japanese was that they were free to choose and choose which local daimyos they wanted to do business with a privilege, they were now freed from what had once been. A mutual exchange relationship was reduced to a crooked trade monopoly as the maximum, one setup for too long. On the east coast of their caidos, where they were regularly excavated, the natives, who I knew were so dependent on Japanese rice and hardware, had no choice but to accept the exorbitant prices that were being forced upon them. To make matters worse, the increasing numbers of fish and animals. The ones I knew were being sold into Japanese hands polluted the natural environment. One chief broke the traditional lifestyle I knew and was desperate to see that his tribe couldn't catch. Even a bear cub for its annual amount, a festival, got worse in the 1630s. When gold was discovered inland from Hokkaido, tempted many Japanese miners to push Our into new territory that no outsider has ever had over time. Increasing scarcity of land and resources. I knew chiefs in conflict with one another, as fate would have it. One of these tribal wars would escalate into the final great horror of independence against the Yamato of 1660. The two greatest chiefs of Hokkaido I knew were the ruler of the high tribe and the sheku. Shane An 80 year old leader of the Cherry Shippers tribe. Her two clans quarreled in 1666 when the Shibu Cherry refused to pose a bear. Cub for the haze. Oh, Monty ritual. And a hey hunter poached a valuable colored pencil Shibuya. Real and as an intern with the blood feud suing the elder Shaku, Shane led his warriors in a successful raid in Halen's pursuit. I knew enemies in a maximum mine camp that he killed with torches to kill rival chief on the Bishi. This was a crossroads for Shane, the eighty year old probably never intended to start an open rebellion against the Japanese but he knew this by destroying a Japanese mining camp. He had certainly demanded violent retribution from the maximum, the Lord in his south, that is, the great one. I knew Chieftain had doubled over and started a war against the Yamato to remove their exploitative influence. I knew Mercier forever. By June 1669, Shane and his Confederation of Freedom Fighters had gathered 19 tribes to his banner, which included over three thousand warriors. He paved a bloody path of destruction through his homeland and destroyed Japanese trade. We are a small clan and could only muster 80 samurai to fight this uprising. But luck was on their side, with Shane filling the staff, South Forecastle facing Advance Summit, his being thwarted by torrential rain. And floods that allow this little Japanese platoon to force its retreat through a devastating hail of musket fire. Even so, the mad Simay knew they were still outnumbered early and progressing, they called their rivals for help. Samurai, clans, about 700 armed soldiers, came from northern Honshu in the following months. Hit north to Shane's lands. The I knew Doggett Resistance, but although they outnumbered their opponents, their poison-tipped arrows could not pierce samurai armor, nor could their spears, which could take on samurai lunch locks, rifles. Late 1669. Check yourself out. Shane saw the writing on the wall and surrendered, I knew and met some leaders, exchanged gifts, and a ritual drinking party was held to celebrate the new he that Shaku Shane and his top warriors saw themselves and a source of Drank sake. Samurai Hospitality turned out to be a mask that hides betrayal. Perhaps out of fear that Shane would. Once again they rose up against them, they let the drunken chief massacre his closest followers, this rekindled the war. But in 1672 the severely inferior, I knew, had once again been brought into submission to the shit; Shane's act was doomed. Choose the Maxima clan to restore its trade, hegemony over all of Azo and establish 60 more fortified outposts in the region. Most of the villages I knew kept their autonomy on paper, but the Hokkaido Aborigines now were. Totally dependent on the Empire of the Rising Sun and over the next two centuries, their way of life and culture would slip out of their hands amid mounting fears that the Russian Empire would attempt to expand its influence over Hokkaido, the Tokugawa shogunate who took over in 1806 direct control of the island and implemented it. A policy of violent assimilation aimed to fully integrate it into the Japanese nation. I knew that men would be forced to become servants and only properly dress and feed themselves if they gave up their mother tongue and culture and became Japanese, while I knew that women were forced. Married to Japanese men as this repressive policy I knew the people of Hokkaido. Crashed from 80,000 in 1806 to 15,000 just 60 years later, 1868 marked the Meiji Restoration Movement, in which the Japanese overthrew the rule of the samurai and began rapidly modernizing their country to create a unified national identity. I was familiar with the policy of assimilation, it was not until the end of the century that the Meiji government intensified and the mass encouraged the Japanese to turn to Hokkaido. Those I knew in their own homeland except for a minority I knew were forced to learn Japanese and take Japanese names. Traditional customs, such as women's face tattoos and the all-important Diamond Bear Festival, were ostracized. I knew that the salmon, tree fishing, traditional house, building and dugout canoeing way of life was being eradicated. All of them became illegal for much of the 20th century. What I knew was almost entirely absorbed into mainstream Japanese society, by the word, I knew myself and still became the epitome of perversity and backwardness. What I knew has survived to modern times, a tiny community of less than 1,000 can be found in their ancestral areas of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, where they are fighting for recognition from the Russian government to this day, the rest mostly living in Hokkaido. where a population of 25,000 preserves their identity amid a sea of 5 million ethnic Japanese. Still, there is hope on the horizon, in June 2008 the Japanese government officially recognized that I recognized Hokkaidos as an independent indigenous people and affirmed their right to their traditional lifestyle. I knew modernity had a long way to go, but the will to live its culture from the ashes is strong, no doubt the ancient Aborigines of Japan's past will add to the multicultural spirit of the nation's future over time.